Thailand is a warm and rather humid tropical country with monsoonal climate. Temperatures are highest in March and April with average temperature of 28 degree Celsius to 38 degrees Celsius and humidity averaging between 82.8 percent to 73 percent
December is high to peak season in Thailand and one of the reasons that is the case is because the weather is brilliant. Lots of sunshine down south, little rain and the temperatures are comfortable without being scalding or freezing.
Temperatures in December will swing between low 20s and low 30s Celsius. In Bangkok and Central Thailand, you can expect a lot of clear blue skies..
Clothing made of light fabrics, such as cotton, linen, is suitable for outdoors in warm and humid climate. For formal occasions, a jacket and tie or Thai official costume with short or long sleeves is required for men. Blouse and long trouser suit is appropriate for women. When visiting the grand palace or important places, you are suggested to dress formally. No short pants and sleeves and sandals are allowed to enter. You may be able to rent appropriate dresses and shoes at the information counter of some visiting places.
In Thailand, the standard Thai language is used, while English is a mandatory subject in public schools and is widely spoken and understood in business and tourist areas. Spoken and written Thai is largely incomprehensible to casual visitors. However, English is widely understood, particularly in Bangkok where it is almost the major commercial language. English and some European languages are spoken in most hotels, shops and restaurants in major tourist destinations, and Thai-English road and street signs are found nationwide. The congress will be conducted in English.
The time in Thailand is seven hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+7).
220 volts 50 cycles throughout the country.
The Thai currency is called “Baht”. One baht is divided into 100 Satang. Coins consist of 25 Satang, 50 Satang, one Bath, 2 Bath, 5 Baht and 10 baht. Bank notes are in 20 (green), 50 (blue), 100 (red), 500 (purple) and 1,000 (gray) baht. Currency exchange counters are available at the airport in and out of the arrival hall. Exchange rate at the airport is generally similar to exchange counters in town. The rates may be a bit better than that in hotels. (1 USD is approximately 33 Baht)
Major credit cards such as American Express, Master and Visa are wildly used and accepted. 3-5 percent additional charge may be applied in some stores. Please check with the stores before using.
Most commercial concerns in Bangkok operate on a five-day week, usually from 8.30 hr. to 17.00hr. Many stores open seven days a week from 10.00 hr. to 22.00 hr.
Government offices are generally open between 8.30 hr. to 16.30hr. with a noon to 13.00 hr. is lunch break, Mondays to Fridays except on public holidays. Banks are open Mondays to Fridays from 9.00 hr. to 15.30 hr. except the bank in the department store opening until 19.30 hr.
Citizens of some countries, holding valid passports or travel documents, are entitled to visit Thailand for the purpose of pleasure for a period of 30 days without applying for a visa. Citizens of some countries can apply for a 30-day visa upon arrival. However, please check with the Royal Thai Embassy nearest to you. If visa is needed, please ensure that your visa application is approved prior to your departure.
Mobile Police: 191
Fire Brigade: 199
Tourist Police / Tourist Service Centre: 1155
Two airports to be the gateway of Thailand. Donmueang Airport is the first airport of Thailand. However, when passengers increase, Suvarnabhumi Airport was built for spreading out the crowed people from Donmueang Airport. Nowadays, Donmueang Airport becomes main domestic airport on the other hand Suvarnabhumi Airport service by focusing on International flight.
There are many ways from Suvarnabhumi Airport to downtown as the following.
Getting to Suvarnabhumi Airport
Don Mueang International Airport is the airport which provides a wide variety of aviation services including regular and irregular domestic flights as well as irregular international flights. Due to the good location, spacious area, and adequate facilities, Don Mueang Airport is an airport which customers have been greatly satisfied with. Tourist can get to Donmueang Airport by public bus, taxi, and limousine.
1. Siam Paragon
Siam Paragon is an immensely popular shopping mall housing a host of international high-end fashion brands, Southeast Asia’s largest aquarium, a 16-screen Cineplex, and a comprehensive selection of world cuisine. Located prominently in front of Siam BTS Skytrain station - the interchange of the two BTS lines - it is considered by many to be the centre of Bangkok.
2. Emporium Bangkok
Emporium Bangkok is a sophisticated six-storey shopping centre in Sukhumvit, housing world-renowned designer brands, a luxurious cinema and state-of-the-art exhibition space, as well as an expansive supermarket and food court. Emporium Bangkok is also incredibly convenient as it is directly connected to the five-star Emporium Suites by Chatrium and Phrom Phong BTS Skytrain Station.
3. Platinum Fashion Mall
Platinum Fashion Mall location is smack in the centre of Pratunam, a 10-minute walk from either Ratchathewi or Chidlom BTS Skytrain, so it is easily accessible when compared to other clothing bazaars of the same scale. Plus, it’s air conditioned and comes complete with a large food court as well as cafés and fast food chains. There's even a four-star hotel, Novotel Bangkok Platinum, on top. Talking about a one-stop shopping for reasonably-priced clothes and accessories, Platinum Fashion Mall is your best bet.
Asiatique has successfully combined two of the most popular shopping experiences in the city: a night bazaar and a mall. Ten minutes downriver from Saphan Taksin BTS station this once-bustling international trade port has been transformed, with over 1,500 boutiques and 40 restaurants housed under a huge replica warehouse complex. Open from 17:00, spending an evening here is no problem: you’ll have good fun browsing the boutiques, picking up gifts or something for yourself; you are guaranteed to find something you would like to eat and if this isn’t enough entertainment, shows are performed nightly: Calypso ladyboy cabaret and soon, a classic Thai puppets performance.
Despite its invigorating streetlife, Thailand's capital nevertheless squeezes tranquil temples, palaces, and gardens in amongst the charming chaos. Want to know what to see in Bangkok? Everything! But here are some of its top attractions with which to start!
1. Golden Buddha
Temple of Goldern Buddha, Wat Traimit houses the world's largest massive gold seated Buddha measuring nearly five metres in height and weighing five and a half tons. In the past, artisans crafted the Buddhas in gold and disguised them from invading armies by a covering of stucco and plaster. It is located at the end of Chinatown's Yaowarat road, near Hualampong Railway Station.
2. Wat Arun
Wat Arun, locally known as Wat Chaeng, is situated on the west (Thonburi) bank of the Chao Phraya River. It is easily one of the most stunning temples in Bangkok, not only because of its riverside location, but also because the design is very different to the other temples you can visit in Bangkok. Wat Arun (or temple of the dawn) is partly made up of colourfully decorated spires and stands majestically over the water. Wat Arun is almost directly opposite Wat Pho, so it is very easy to get to. From Sapphan Taksin boat pier you can take a river boat that stops at pier 8. From here a small shuttle boat takes you from one side of the river to the other. The temple is open daily from 08:30 to 17:30.
3. Wat Pho
Wat Pho (the Temple of the Reclining Buddha), or Wat Phra Chetuphon, is located behind the Temple of the Emerald Buddha and a must-do for any first-time visitor in Bangkok. It's one of the largest temple complexes in the city and famed for its giant reclining Buddha that measures 46 metres long and is covered in gold leaf. It’s an easy ten minute walk between here and the Grand Palace, and we recommend coming to Wat Pho second, because even though the golden Buddha here is just as popular many people don’t take the time to wander around the rest of the complex so the experience tends to be far more relaxing. This is also a great place to get a traditional Thai massage. Wat Pho is often considered the leading school of massage in Thailand, so you really are in good hands here. The temple is open daily between 08:00 and 17:00.
4. Wat Phra Kaew
Wat Phra Kaew or the Temple of the Emerald Buddha (officially known as Wat Phra Sri Rattana Satsadaram) is regarded as the most important Buddhist temple in Thailand. Located in the historic centre of Bangkok, within the grounds of the Grand Palace, it enshrines Phra Kaew Morakot (the Emerald Buddha), the highly revered Buddha image meticulously carved from a single block of jade. The Emerald Buddha (Phra Putta Maha Mani Ratana Patimakorn) is a Buddha image in the meditating position in the style of the Lanna school of the north, dating from the 15th century AD. Raised high on a series of platforms, no one is allowed near the Emerald Buddha except HM the King. A seasonal cloak, changed three times a year to correspond to the summer, winter, and rainy season covers the statue. A very important ritual, the changing of the robes is performed only by the King to bring good fortune to the country during each season. The temple of Emerald Buddha is beautifully decorated and has a great sense of peace about it. Opening Hours: 8.30 am to 3.30 pm Location: Na Phralan, Phra Nakorn (inside Grand Palace complex), Old City (Rattanakosin) Dress Code: no short pants or short skirts, not sleeveless tshirts. Sarong are for rent at the entrance but better dress appropriately to avoid the queue.
5. Grand Palace
Grand Palace, if there is one must-see sight that no visit to Bangkok would be complete without, it's the dazzling, spectacular Grand Palace, undoubtedly the city's most famous landmark. Built in 1782 - and for 150 years the home of the Thai King, the Royal court and the administrative seat of government - the Grand Palace of Bangkok is a grand old dame indeed, that continues to have visitors in awe with its beautiful architecture and intricate detail, all of which is a proud salute to the creativity and craftsmanship of Thai people. Within its walls were also the Thai war ministry, state departments, and even the mint. Today, the complex remains the spiritual heart of the Thai Kingdom.
6. Erawan Shrine
Erawan Shrine “พระพรหม” in Bangkok is Brahman, not strictly Buddhist. And yet, this famous shrine attracts more visitors than many of the city's temples. It was erected during the mid 1950s, after the Thai government had decided to build the luxury Erawan Hotel on this location. However, the first stages of the construction were beset with so many problems that superstitious labourers refused to continue unless the land spirits were appeased. After consultations with astrologers, the erection of a shrine to honour the four-faced Brahma God, Than Tao Mahaprom, was considered to be an auspicious solution. A magnificent image of the Brahma God was especially cast and gilded, and The Erawan Hotel opened to acclaims and worldwide fame for three decades. Towards the end, the property could not compete with more modern facilities, and was replaced by the privately owned Grand Hyatt Erawan Bangkok in 1991. As the shrine was originally constructed to grace the old Erawan Hotel, the location became known as the Erawan Shrine. Opening Hours: 06:00-24:00 Location: In front of Grand Hyatt Erawan Hotel, corner of Ploenchit and Ratchadamri Road BTS: Chidlom
1. Lumphini Park
Lumphini Park (also Lumpini or Lumpinee, Thai: สวนลุมพินี) is a 360 rai (57.6-hectare (142-acre)) park in Bangkok, Thailand. The park offers rare open public space, trees, and playgrounds in the Thai capital and contains an artificial lake where visitors can rent boats. Paths around the park totalling approximately 2.5 km in length are a popular area for morning and evening joggers. Officially, cycling is only permitted during the day between the times of 10:00 to 15:00. There is a smoking ban throughout the park. Dogs are not allowed. Today it lies in the heart of the main business district and is in the Lumphini sub-district, on the north side of Rama IV Road, between Ratchadamri Road and Witthayu Road.
2. Benjasiri Park (Suan Ben)
Benjasiri Park (Suan Ben) is located next to the Emporium Shopping centre near the Phrom Phong skytrain station and it epitomises what a park should really be. It is a place where people can go and relax take some time out of their day and unwind. You can see in the aerial picture that at the top left is the aerobics class with all the people in formation. You don't have to pay to attend this, just put on your dancing shoes and join in. It starts around 6:00pm daily.